Day 219: Hukou

A recycling center operates on a vacant lot within view of two of the world's tallest buildings.

A recycling center operates on a vacant lot within view of two of the world’s tallest buildings.

It is estimated there are 5.5 million undocumented migrants living and working in Shanghai. Without a Hukuo, an official household registration, a migrant does not qualify for government assisted housing, employment, education, or health care, so many migrants operate small businesses; of the reported 55,000 unlicensed businesses in Shanghai, officials say 85% are operated by undocumented, rural migrants.

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